Guest Lecture

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The Department of information technology was abuzz with guest lectures as well. Mr. Gyanendra Dwivedi, Senior Manager, Goods and Services Tax Network shared his insights on the technological challenges likely to be posed by the unified tax structure such as GST. Speaking on the role of IT in implementation of GST, Mr. Dwivedi elaborated on the centers being developed to implement a wide system such as this, in addition to outlining the skills required to carve a career in the central government’s pan India projects such as this.

Covering Conflicts such as Kashmir and Kargil

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Mr. Amitabha Roy Choudhary, Coordinating Editor, PTI interacted with students and shared his experience on covering conflicts such as Kashmir and Kargil. Mr. Choudhary, an alumnus of the Delhi School of Economics, witnessed the turning point of Kargil Conflict and chronicled the war strategy used by the Indian Armed forced to turn the tables against perpetrators from across the border. The inputs provided by him were used in the award winning film “Lakshya”.

Elaborating the role of news agencies, MrAmitabha said that PTI is the backbone of the media industry. Giving an insight into his career spanning three decades, Mr. Mr. Amitabha cited various instances where he withstood bureaucratic and political pressures to uphold the journalistic principles of objectivity, fairness and balanced reporting.  Leveraging the guest speakers’ expertise on defence and internal security, the mass communication students asked him about the challenges faced by media professionals while covering conflicts such as Kashmir unrest.

Student’s achievement

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Nishit Singh, a final year student of BMC has been shortlisted as a delegate from India for the prestigious Amsterdam Dance Event (ADE) where he will be performing live amidst the music enthusiasts, audio engineers and music producers from across the world.

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Cyber Security Awareness

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Cyber Security awareness is required well at all levels, from the individual user to an organization and beyond that to the government and the nation. Computer Networking forms the backbone of critical infrastructure of the country’s banking, power, communication network, etc. hence cyber security is becoming synonymous with National Security. Today’s network is vulnerable to Cyber Attacks, and very important to have secure Computer Systems and Networks. Increased focus on outsourcing of IT and other services from developed countries is bringing the issue of data security more important. Now-a- day’s massive usage of Internet by lot of home users with little or no prior knowledge of the threats and their countermeasures are exposed to the Internet. This is why the attackers, can exploit to expand their base of malicious activity and use innocent people for their schemes. It is very much required to make aware children, teachers, parents and senior citizens and equips them with the knowledge needed to mitigate the threat. The importance of Cyber Security is growing immensely hence Department of Electronics and Information Technology, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Government of India has formulated and initiated the Information Security Education and Awareness (ISEA) programme to aware all citizens.

Importance of Cyber Security

Cyber security is important for the users because they have to protect themselves against identity theft. Organizations including government also need this security to protect their trade secrets, financial information, and some sensitive or critical data. Since all sensitive information that is mostly stored on a computer is connected to the Internet, there is a need for information assurance and security. Everyone should follow the Cyber Security standards that enable us to protect various Malware threats.  A poor cyber security practice arises because of some of the following reasons.

  1. a) Poor administrative guidelines of application
  2. b) Poor software coding, which may be vulnerable
  3. c) Improper usage of Cyber Security practices.

 

Computer Ethics for Everyone:

 

Ethics are a set of moral principles that govern an individual or a group on what is acceptable behaviour while using a computer. Computer ethics is a set of moral principles that govern the usage of computers. One of the common issues of computer ethics is violation of copyright issues. Duplicating copyrighted content without the author’s approval, accessing personal information of others are some of the examples that violate ethical principles. Internet ethics means acceptable behaviour for using Internet. We should be honest, respect the rights and property of others on the Internet.

  1. a) Acceptance

One has to accept that Internet is not a value free-zone. It means World Wide Web is not a waste wild web it is a place where values are considered in the broadest sense so we must take care while shaping content and services and we should recognize that Internet is not apart from universal society but it is a primary component of it.

 

  1. b) Sensitivity to National and Local cultures

It belongs to all and there is no barrier of national and local cultures. It cannot be subject to one set of values like the local TV channel; or the local newspaper .We have to accommodate multiplicity of usage.

  1. c) While using e-Mail and chatting

Internet must be used for communication with family and friends. Avoid chatting with strangers and forwarding e- mails from unknown people/strangers. And we must teach children about risks involved in chatting and forwarding e- mails to strangers.

  1. d) Pretending to be someone else

We must not use Internet to fool others by pretending to be someone else. Hiding our own identity to fool others in the Internet world is a crime and may also be arisk to others. It’s our responsibility to teach children the same.

  1. e) Avoid Bad language

We must not use rude or bad language while using e-Mail, chatting, blogging and social networking, we need to respect their views and should not criticize anyone on the Internet and the same should be taught to children.

  1. f) Hide personal information

We should teach children not to give personal details like home address, phone numbers, interests, passwords. No photographs should be sent to strangers and they should be asked to hide their personal details from strangers because it might be misused and shared with others without their knowledge.

  1. g) While Downloading

Internet is used to listen and learn about music, It is also used to watch videos and play games. We must not use it to download them or share copyrighted material. The same should be taught to children, and they must be aware of the importance of copyrights and issues of copyright.

  1. h) Supervision

You should know what children are doing on the Internet and the sites they visit on the Internet and should check with whom they are communicating. Restrict those browsing inappropriate sites. Parental involvement is essential when a child is using the Internet in order to make him follow the rules.

  1. i) Encourage children to use Internet

We must encourage children, students and others to gain the knowledge from the Internet and use it wisely. Internet is a great tool where we can gather information which can be used for learning.

Access to Internet

The Internet is a time-efficient tool for everyone that enlarges the possibilities for curriculum growth. Learning depends on the ability to find relevant and reliable information quickly and easily, and to select, understand and assess that information. Searching for information on the Internet can help to develop these skills. Classroom exercises and take-home assessment tasks, where students are required to compare website content, are ideal for alerting students to the requirements of writing for different audiences, the purpose of particular content, identifying and judging accuracy and reliability. Since many sites adopt particular views about issues, the Internet is a useful tool for developing the skills of distinguishing fact from opinion and exploring subjectivity and objectivity.

Through e-Mail, chat rooms and discussion groups, students learn the basic principles of communication in the written form. Collaborative projects are also useful for engaging students and providing significant learning experiences. In this way, the Internet becomes an effective means of advancing intercultural understanding. Moderated chat rooms and group projects can also provide students with opportunities for collaborative learning.

Ethical rules for computer users

Some of the rules that individuals should follow while using a computer are listed below:

  • Do not use computers to harm other users.
  • Do not use computers to steal others information.
  • Do not access files without the permission of the owner.
  • Do not copy copyrighted software without the author’s permission.
  • Always respect copyright laws and policies.
  • Respect the privacy of others, just as you expect the same from others.
  • Do not use other user’s computer resources without their permission.
  • Use Internet ethically.
  • Complain about illegal communication and activities, if found, to Internet service Providers and local law enforcement authorities.
  • Users are responsible for safeguarding their User Id and Passwords. They should not write them on paper or anywhere else for remembrance
  • Users should not intentionally use the computers to retrieve or modify the information of others, which may include password information, files, etc.

Privacy Issues Especially for Children and Students

Many children are skilled navigators of the Internet. They are comfortable using computers and are fascinated by the information and images that can be explored at the click of a mouse. Recent figures show that 90% of school-age children have access to computers either at home or at school. The ability to interact and communicate with others is one of the biggest attractions of the Internet for children. We are watching about spending time with people in chat rooms and instant messaging through mobiles, playing games, entering contests and filling forms in popular online activities. Unfortunately, most parents don’t really understand how such activities can put their children’s privacy at risk or even threaten their safety. Surprisingly in India, most parents never know about some of the activities that their child is participating on the Internet.

In today’s Internet communications scenario, the personal data is valuable and protecting the same has become a skill that the children need to understand and learn. The privacy of children can be compromised in certain online activities:

  • Filling forms for various surveys, contests, downloading games on commercial or free web sites.
  • Giving details about personal information when registering for e-mail access, Chat access.
  • Providing information when registering for free game downloads.
  • Providing information when registering for social networking web sites.

Some websites prompt students to complete a form revealing their name, e-Mail address, age and gender, and sometimes even their telephone number and postal address, in order to access information. Some requests are legitimate: much depends on the nature of the website requesting the information. Providing personal information online can result in a student being targeted for spam (unsolicited e-Mail), advertising materials and/or viruses. Privacy issues also apply to students developing personal websites and publishing online. Personal details, including photographs of themselves or other students, may lead to the information being captured and reused by others for illicit purposes.

Hence the best way of accessing the internet safely is through awareness programmes. Cyber security concepts should be introduced to the students in their school years and with their advancement of age, the students can be given an in depth insight on cyber security. With the wide use of ICT in today’s life, cyber security also becomes a necessity of the time.

Arpana Chaturvedi

BCA

Teacher’s Day 2016

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.  Teacher’s Day was celebrated  on September 5 at JIMS, Lajpat Nagar  as a token of love, respect and gratitude for the faculty members. The director, JIMS Lajpat Nagar motivated the students and asked to take maximum advantage of the opportunity they have at JIMS by drawing from the rich experience and wide perspective of a highly talented faculty.

Guest Lecture

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Mr Amitabha Roy Choudhary, Coordinating Editor, PTI interacted with students and shared his experience on covering Kargil Conflict. Mr Choudhary, an alumnus of the Delhi School of Economics, witnessed the turning point of Kargil Conflict and chronicled the war strategy used by the Indian Armed forced to turn the tables against perpetrators from across the border. The inputs provided by him were used in the award winning film “Lakshya”.  Giving an insight into his career spanning three decades, Amitabha cited various instances where he withstood bureaucratic and political pressures to uphold the journalistic principles of objectivity, fairness and balanced reporting.

Blood Donation Camp

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A blood donation camp was organised at JIMS Lajpat Nagar on Sept 8, 2016 under the aegis of Rotary Noida Blood Bank. A group of Rotaractors mobilised students from across courses and batches for the noble cause. A total of 84 students and faculty members donated blood, reinforcing the commitment of the institution to help humanity.

BREATHE IN FLOAT!!!!

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George Bernard Shaw made a statement ages ago: “Wealth accumulates and men decay”. In the present times this statement seems to be appropriate; big spacious homes and luxurious cars define the class and the status of an individual regardless of the size of the heart, sensitivity of our feelings and our attitude towards our fellow beings. We, as a society, in general and individuals in particular are so engrossed in I, ME & MYSELF that life seems to be stressed and shrinking as well. I think we have forgotten the mantra of happiness; we have changed our priorities and have left the real purpose of life behind; the mantra to be cheerful, happy and to spread smiles.

Are we here for mere accumulation of wealth leaving happiness by the way side. Just look around, stop for a while and breathe in…….Do we deserve all the worries?? Can’t we be at peace within ourselves? Can’t we just let go? Do we really know what for we are here for?? What legacy, what memories do we want to leave behind??  How do we want the world to remember us when we are no more?

What makes us angry? Is it really worth it? Why are we so much annoyed: it is almost as if we are fighting a battle within ourselves? In the process of being annoyed and angry with each and every thing aren’t we being too harsh with ourselves. Our reaction time to each and every annoying thing said to us needs to be deferred a bit. Sometimes ignorance is bliss and silence the best reply. We ought not to bow down on the wrong doings; but we need to be balanced; we need to listen not to reply but to understand. Let’s be the change we want to see around us. Lets’ create the wealth of knowledge, compassion, kindness, peace and love .Lets’ accumulate great memories, lets’ meet strangers and exchange smiles; lets’ not forget all of us have a purpose that only we can fulfill. Let us not destroy the human values and therefore our race further. Let us create a beautiful world instead.  Let each one of us breathe in and float in kindness, love and passion. What if when we leave the world God asks us so how was the heaven?!

 

Anupama Munshi

Sauces: The Grammar of Culinary Art

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Sauces are defined as liquids or semi-liquid mixtures which are flavoured from stocks. They have a keen sense of taste, texture and require a strong hand of blending. Sauce is essentially a moist or liquid component which is served along with the dish in contrasting or complementary flavours.

 

Grimande de la Royere, a great philosopher and gastronome wrote: “The sauce is to culinary art what grammar is to language”. A perfect sauce has colorful appearance, smooth, velvety texture and a definite taste as well as a distinct flavor. It complements the food it accompanies.

 

So why and in what ways are sauces important to cuisines?

 

Among many things, sauces enhance flavor, aid digestion, add variety in terms of color, enrich nutritional values and introduce balance/contrast to the cuisine.

 

Functions of Sauces    

  • Enhances Flavor
  • Improves Digestion (e.g. Mint sauce, apple sauce)
  • Moistens Food (e.g. White sauce adds creaminess)
  • Adds variety in terms of Colour (e.g. hollandaise sauce served on a vegetables adds color or Tomato sauce served with Chicken alang laise or fish al’ orly)
  • Contrasts or balances food (e.g. devil sauce served with eggs)
  • Enhances Nutritional Value
  • Acts as an accompaniment (e.g. cranberry sauce served with roast turkey)
  • Lends name to the dish (e.g. Madeira wine added to brown sauce is named as Madeira sauce)
  • Makes food more palatable (e.g. chaud froid sauce is used to coat various cold meat items)

 

Sauces can be served with any kind of food – savoury, sweet, hot or cold. A dish without a sauce seems like an unfinished product and therefore, awareness of healthy eating styles mainly the way food is prepared, served and stored is all part of the culinary art.

 

Classification of Sauces

Sauces are classified on the basis of their application or the degree of heat at which they are prepared. The four key categories of sauces are:

  1. Hot Sauces
  2. Warm Sauces
  • Cold Sauces
  1. Proprietary Sauces
  2. Contemporary Sauces

 

Hot Sauces

White or Béchamel Sauce: The sauce consists of milk thickened with roux (mixture of equal quantity of butter and refined flour cooked together). Marquis Louis is said to have invented Bechamel sauce in the 17th century.

 

Brown or Espagnole: Espagnole meaning ‘Spanish’ in French was the original brown sauce and still is one of the glories of French Kitchen. Its name dates back to the 18th century. It is prepared by thickening brown stock with brown roux (equal quantity of butter and flour cooked together up to brown colour).

 

Veloute Sauce: It literally means ‘Velvet’. It is light blond sauce made from stock of chicken, fish or beef/veal thickened with blonde roux (equal quantity of butter and flour cooked together up to blonde color).

 

Tomato Sauce:  It is more commonly associated with Italian cuisine as accompaniment with pasta dishes. It is prepared with pork, tomato concasse, tomato puree and thickened roux.

 

Warm Sauces

Hollandaise: It is a warm emulsified sauce prepared with egg yolk and clarified butter. Hollandaise is a French word meaning ‘Dutch style’. The sauce is named so because earlier a la hollandaise indicated a dish served with melted butter. It is thickened with emulsification of a warm sabayon of eggs yolk with melted clarified butter.

 

Cold Sauce

Mayonnaise: It is the only cold sauce among all the mother sauces. It is an emulsified sauce based on egg yolks. Lot of care needs to be taken while preparing mayonnaise. If it is not handled properly, the sauce may get separated and get curdled appearance. It contains oil, egg yolk and vinegar or lemon juice. It is always kept at chilled temperature. This sauce is always served cold and thus forms the base for most of the salads and sandwich fillings. It is generally served as the dipping sauce with snacks.

 

Proprietary Sauces

These sauces are made and used in the kitchens since a long time. For instance, Chinese Soya sauce was manufactured in the 16th century BC and is widely used today. Many of them are secret recipes passed from generation to generation. The list of proprietary sauces includes:

  • Soya Sauce
  • Worcestershire Sauce
  • HP Sauace
  • Ketchup
  • Tabasco Sauce
  • Chilli Sauce

 

Contemporary Sauces

Chefs today are responding to demands for lighter sauces or the sauces that are simpler, less rich and more easily prepared. Modern day sauces complement and enhance the flavor of the dish it accompanies, be it an egg preparation, a fish curry, a poultry based dish or vegetable based preparations. The examples of Contemporary Sauces include:

  • Pesto Sauce (Italy)
  • Salsa (Italy/ Mexico)
  • Chimi churri (Argentina)

 

Points to be remember while making a Sauce:

  • Always use good quality stock to make sauces (For instance, chicken sauces should be prepared only by using chicken stock).
  • The sauce should be smooth and glossy as per the purpose.
  • Never allow a skin to be formed on top of a sauce as it may turn the sauce lumpy.
  • To make the sauce glossy, pass it through a muslin cloth or a cheese cloth.
  • Always season the sauce at the end, as reduction of the sauce will result in salty sauce.
  • Never store the sauce beyond two days as the quality will deteriorate.
  • Always cook the flour before adding to the sauce, else it will taste raw.
  • Only use White Mirepoix for white sauce.
  • Always use correct utensils to make sauces. Cooking white sauce in an aluminum container with steel whisk will turn the sauce grayish black.
  • Check the seasoning in the cold sauce before serving.

 

As a direct outcome of the rise of globalized cuisines, the Chefs these days avoid very creamy and flour based sauces.

 

By

Chef Vikas Sharma

JIMS , Lajpat Nagar

Installation ceremony -Rotaract

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In keeping with the tradition of appointing new office bearers every year , the Rotaract club of JIMS, Lajpat Nagar organized its second installation ceremony on the 30th of Aug’2016. The event was attended by newly appointed volunteers and 9 members of Rotary South -East. The ceremony began with the National Anthem and the reading of the popular Four-way test adopted by Rotary more than 60 years ago.This was followed by the pinning of the new office bearers and the committee members.

Speaking on the occassion, Mr.Sudeep Kohli-the current President of the Rotary South East – said that service to the community did not mean choosing a big project; in fact a small deed could make a big difference to the lives of the under privileged. He stressed that all that one required to stay active was commitment and passion.Encouraging the volunteers to remain involved , he further said that they should not give up on any activity mid-way.